noun: extreme chauvinism or nationalism marked especially by a belligerent foreign policy
When the war began many people were caught up in a wave of jingoism.
“Putting First World War icon Lord Kitchener on the £2 coin was attacked as ‘jingoism’ by Labour last night. The famous soldier and former Secretary of State for War will appear on the coin as part of 100th anniversary commemorations of the outbreak of the conflict.” — From an article by James Lyons at mirror.co.uk, January 14, 2014
Did you know?
“Jingoism” originated during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878, when many British citizens were hostile toward Russia and felt Britain should intervene in the conflict. Supporters of the cause expressed their sentiments in a music-hall ditty with this refrain:
“We don’t want to fight, yet by jingo if we do,
We’ve got the ships, we’ve got the men,
We’ve got the money, too!”
Someone holding the attitude implied in the song became known as a “jingo” or “jingoist,” and the attitude itself was dubbed “jingoism.” The “jingo” in the tune is probably a euphemism for “Jesus.”