noun: a period of physiologically enforceddormancy between periods of activity
Although insects most often enterdiapause when they are pupae, diapause can occur during any lifestage.
“Last week I discovered dozens of Monarch butterfly eggs at the ranchwhen a cold front pushed … migrantsdown to the Texas funnel. The earlymoving butterflies broke theirreproductive diapause to lay hundreds of eggs.” — MonicaMaeckle, MySanAntonio.com, September 25, 2015
Did you know?
Diapause, from the Greek worddiapausis, meaning “pause,” may have been coined by the entomologist William Wheeler in 1893. Wheeler‘s focus was insects, but diapause, a spontaneous periodof suspended animation that seemsto happen in response to adverseenvironmental conditions, alsooccurs in the development of crustaceans, snails, and otheranimals. Exercising poetic license, novelist Joyce Carol Oates evengave the word a human application in her short story “Visitation Rights” (1988): “Her life, seemingly in shambles, … was not ruined; … injured perhaps, and surely stunted, but only temporarily. There had beena diapause, and that was all….”